LleweGlobalizing Oil: Firms and Oil Market Governance in France, Japan, and the United Stateslyn Hughes. 2014 (paperback: 2016). Globalizing Oil: The Politics of Oil Market Governance in France, Japan, and the United States. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (Business and Public Policy). Available here.

Reviewed by John Mitchell in International Affairs.

Reviewed by Paul Stevens in The Energy Journal.

Reviewed by John R. Heilbrunn in Perspectives on Politics.


“Llewelyn Hughes has written a brilliant book about the transformation of the world’s energy markets. In Globalizing Oil, Hughes demonstrates that the interplay of governments and firms in the global market for oil requires an understanding of both politics and strategy. With extraordinary research and compelling argument, Hughes’ book provides insight into both.” – Rawi E. Abdelal, Herbert F. Johnson Professor of International Management, Harvard Business School

Globalizing Oil is an invaluable contribution to the literature on global governance of the petroleum industry. Not since Louis Turner’s Oil Companies and the International System has such a monumental study been produced with the clarity and foresight on this vital issue. His comparative approach goes a long way in explaining critical domestic and foreign policy energy policy nuances that continue to influence the oil market to this day. A true tour de force!” – Charles Ebinger, Senior Fellow and Director, Energy Security Initiative, The Brookings Institution

“Despite the tremendous importance of oil for advanced economies, we know little behind the politics that led to the liberalization of domestic markets. Hughes ambitious and insightful analysis fills this gap. For anybody interested in understanding how business power and government choices mutually shape each other over time, Hughes’ book will be a required reading.” – Cornelia Woll, Professor of Political Science, Sciences Po Paris

Published and Forthcoming Papers

Aaron Ray, Llewelyn Hughes, Charles Kaylor, David Konisky. 2017. “Extreme Weather Events and Public Opinion Towards Climate Adaptation,” Global Environmental Change. Vol. 46: 104–113 (until October 26, 2017).

Jonas Meckling and Llewelyn Hughes. 2017. “Green Protectionism: Global Supply Chains and Business Power in Renewable Energy.” New Political Economy. (published online 21 June 2017)

Jonas Meckling and Llewelyn Hughes. 2017. “Globalizing Solar: Industry Specialization and Firm Demands for Trade Protection.” International Studies Quarterly 61, no. 2: 225-235.

Llewelyn Hughes and Jonas Meckling. 2017. “The Politics of Renewable Energy Trade: The US-China Solar Dispute,” Energy Policy Vol 105 (2017): 256-262.

David Konisky, Llewelyn Hughes and Charles Kaylor. 2016.“Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change Concern.” Climatic Change 134, no. 4: 533-547.

Llewelyn Hughes and Johannes Urpelainen. 2015. “Interests, Institutions, and Climate Policy: Explaining the Choice of Policy Instruments for the Energy Sector.” Environmental Science & Policy, 54: 52-63.

Llewelyn Hughes and Austin Long. 2014. “Is There An Oil Weapon? Security Implications of Changes in the Structure of the International Oil Market.” International Security 39 no. 3: 152-189.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2014. “The Limits of Energy Independence: Assessing the Implications of Oil Abundance for U.S. Foreign Policy.” Energy Research & Social Science 1 no. 3: 55-64.

Llewelyn Hughes, Jeffrey Lantis, and Mireya Solis. 2014. “The Life Cycle of International Regimes.”   Journal of International Organizations Studies. 5 no. 2: 85-115.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2014. “Don’t Panic! China and the Second Energy Revolution”: Book Roundtable for Elizabeth Economy and Michael Levi, By All Means Necessary: How China’s Resource Quest is Changing the World (Oxford: Oxford University Press). Asia Policy: 162-165.

Llewelyn Hughes and Phillip Lipscy. 2013. “The Political Economy of Energy.” Annual Review of Political Science 16: 449-469.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2012. “Climate Converts: Institutional Redeployment and Public Investment in Energy and Environment in Japan.” Journal of East Asian Studies 12 no.1: 89-118.

Llewelyn Hughes and Seán J. Kreyling. 2010. “Understanding Resource Nationalism in the 21st Century.” Journal of Energy Security.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2007. “Why Japan Won’t Go Nuclear (yet) – an Examination of the Domestic and International Constraints on the Nuclearization of Japan,” International Security 31 no. 4: 67-96.

Llewelyn Hughes. 1999. “Political Reporting by the Domestic and Foreign Press in Japan.” Journal of World Affairs. (February 1999), 18-33 (Japanese language).

Book Chapters

Llewelyn Hughes and Rainer Quitzow, “Low-Carbon Technologies, National Innovation Systems, and Global Production Networks: The State of Play,” in Andreas Goldthau, Caroline Kuzemko and Michael Keating (eds.) Handbook on the IPE of Energy and Resources. Forthcoming.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2016. “Renegotiating Japan’s Energy Compact,” in Carol Hager and Cristoph Stefes (eds.) Germany’s Energy Transition: A Comparative Perspective (London: Palgrave): 165-184.

Llewelyn Hughes and Eugene Gholz. 2016. “Energy, Coercive Diplomacy and Sanctions,” in Thijs Van de Graaf (eds.) Handbook of the International Political Economy of Energy (London: Palgrave): 487-504.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2015. “Japan’s Public-Private Approach to Energy Security Cooperation in Northeast Asia,” in Bo Kong and Jae H. Ku (eds.), Energy Security Cooperation in Northeast Asia (London: Routledge – Explorations in Environmental Studies Series): 62-85.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2015. “Japan’s Energy Conundrum.” In Robert Pekkanen, Steven R. Reed, and Ethan Scheiner (eds.), Japan Decides 2014: The Japanese General Election (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan): 199-210.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2014. “Energy and Environmental Security, and the Role of Okinawa,” in Akikazu Hashimoto, Mike Mochizuki, and Kurayoshi Takara (eds.), The Okinawa Question: Futenma, the US-Japan Alliance, and Regional Security (Washington DC: Sigur Center for Asian Studies): 103-110.

Working Papers and In Progress

Working Paper: “Industry Segmentation and the Market for Protection: Evidence from Congressional Policymaking in the Oil Sector” (with Pablo Pinto, University of Houston). MPSA 2013. IPES 2013.

Working Paper: “Lead Markets, Vertical Specialization, and Standards Competition in Electric Vehicles.” Stanford 2015.

Working Paper: “Climate Change and Conflict Through the Lens of History.” (with Evgeny Finkel, George Washington University)

In Progress: “The Story of Rare Earths: Even a Perfect Storm of Dependence is Hard to Exploit.” (with Eugene Gholz, University of Texas – Austin)

Selected Policy and Media

“Gas in the Asia-Pacific: Toward a Global Gas Market” (with Ian Cronshaw and Quentin Grafton) Council of Foreign Relations (CFR) Policy Brief. Forthcoming.

Will Extreme Weather Events get Americans to Act on Climate Change?,” (with David Konisky and Charles Kaylor) The Conversation. February 5, 2016.

Domestic Interests and “Strategic Benefits” in Australia-Japan Submarine Deal,” (with Crystal Pryor) CSIS Pacific Forum PacNet. No 11, January 27, 2016.

Reconceptualizing the Link between Energy and Security,” (with Austin Long). September 6, 2015. (Republished at posted at Brookings Institution Middle East Politics and Policy).

Free Trade for Green Trade: To Support Clean Power, Open Up Trade In Green Technology,” (with Jonas Meckling), August 4, 2015.

Why Japan Deserves Some Praise on Climate,” Center for International Studies (CSIS) Japan Chair Platform, June 2015  (Republished in the East Asia Forum).

Abe and Japan’s Energy Conundrum,” East Asia Forum, March 6, 2015.

Black Gold: What Does Oil Abundance Mean for the United States and its Foreign Policy?Advance December 2014, pp. 33-35.

Japan’s Radical Incrementalism in Energy,” Center for International Studies (CSIS) Japan Chair Platform, May 2013 (Republished in the East Asia Forum).

“Promoting Standards Harmonization in the Fight Against Climate Change,” Asia-Pacific Bulletin, East-West Center, April 2013.

“Exploring Regional Regimes for Climate Change,” Japan Economic Forum Spotlight, March/April 2012.

“Resource Nationalism in the Asia-Pacific: Why Does it Matter?” National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) Special Report #31, September 2011.

“Japan, Climate Change, and Tokyo’s Post-Copenhagen Challenge,” Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies, Brookings Institution, December 11, 2009.