LleweGlobalizing Oil: Firms and Oil Market Governance in France, Japan, and the United Stateslyn Hughes. 2014 (paperback: 2016). Globalizing Oil: The Politics of Oil Market Governance in France, Japan, and the United States. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (Business and Public Policy). Available here.

Reviewed by John Mitchell in International Affairs.

Reviewed by Paul Stevens in The Energy Journal.

“Llewelyn Hughes has written a brilliant book about the transformation of the world’s energy markets. In Globalizing Oil, Hughes demonstrates that the interplay of governments and firms in the global market for oil requires an understanding of both politics and strategy. With extraordinary research and compelling argument, Hughes’ book provides insight into both.” – Rawi E. Abdelal, Herbert F. Johnson Professor of International Management, Harvard Business School

Published Papers

Eugene Gholz and Llewelyn Hughes. 2019. “Market Structure and Economic Sanctions: The 2010 Rare Earth Elements Episode as a Pathway Case of Market Adjustment.” Review of International Political Economy.

Annika Bose Styczynski and Llewelyn Hughes. 2019. “A Cross-National Comparison of Electric Vehicle and Fuel Cell Vehicle Industry Policies.” Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions. DOI:

Jonas Meckling and Llewelyn Hughes. 2018. “Global interdependence in Clean Energy Transitions” Business & Politics, Vol. 20, No. 4: 467-491. DOI:

Llewelyn Hughes and Jonas Meckling. 2018. “Policy Competition in Clean Technology: Scaling Up or Innovating Up?” Business & Politics Vol. 20, No. 4: 588-614. DOI:

Jonas Meckling and Llewelyn Hughes. 2018. “Green Protectionism: Global Supply Chains and Business Power in Renewable Energy.” New Political Economy. Vol. 23 No. 1 (2018): 88-104.

Aaron Ray, Llewelyn Hughes, Charles Kaylor, David Konisky. 2017. “Extreme Weather Events and Public Opinion Towards Climate Adaptation,” Global Environmental Change. Vol. 46: 104–113.

Jonas Meckling and Llewelyn Hughes. 2017. “Globalizing Solar: Industry Specialization and Firm Demands for Trade Protection.” International Studies Quarterly 61, no. 2: 225-235.

Llewelyn Hughes and Jonas Meckling. 2017. “The Politics of Renewable Energy Trade: The US-China Solar Dispute,” Energy Policy Vol 105 (2017): 256-262.

David Konisky, Llewelyn Hughes and Charles Kaylor. 2016.“Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change Concern.” Climatic Change 134, no. 4: 533-547.

Llewelyn Hughes and Johannes Urpelainen. 2015. “Interests, Institutions, and Climate Policy: Explaining the Choice of Policy Instruments for the Energy Sector.” Environmental Science & Policy, 54: 52-63.

Llewelyn Hughes and Austin Long. 2014. “Is There An Oil Weapon? Security Implications of Changes in the Structure of the International Oil Market.” International Security 39 no. 3: 152-189.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2014. “The Limits of Energy Independence: Assessing the Implications of Oil Abundance for U.S. Foreign Policy.” Energy Research & Social Science 1 no. 3: 55-64.

Llewelyn Hughes, Jeffrey Lantis, and Mireya Solis. 2014. “The Life Cycle of International Regimes.”   Journal of International Organizations Studies. 5 no. 2: 85-115.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2014. “Don’t Panic! China and the Second Energy Revolution”: Book Roundtable for Elizabeth Economy and Michael Levi, By All Means Necessary: How China’s Resource Quest is Changing the World (Oxford: Oxford University Press). Asia Policy: 162-165.

Llewelyn Hughes and Phillip Lipscy. 2013. “The Political Economy of Energy.” Annual Review of Political Science 16: 449-469.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2012. “Climate Converts: Institutional Redeployment and Public Investment in Energy and Environment in Japan.” Journal of East Asian Studies 12 no.1: 89-118.

Llewelyn Hughes and Seán J. Kreyling. 2010. “Understanding Resource Nationalism in the 21st Century.” Journal of Energy Security.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2007. “Why Japan Won’t Go Nuclear (yet) – an Examination of the Domestic and International Constraints on the Nuclearization of Japan,” International Security 31 no. 4: 67-96.

Llewelyn Hughes. 1999. “Political Reporting by the Domestic and Foreign Press in Japan.” Journal of World Affairs. (February 1999), 18-33 (Japanese language).

Book Chapters

Llewelyn Hughes, “Energy Politics and Climate Change,” The Oxford Handbook on Energy Politics. New York: Oxford University Press (2019). DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190861360.013.26

Llewelyn Hughes, “Japan’s Radical Incrementalism in Power Market Regulation and Renewable Energy,” in Phyllis Yoshida (ed.) Japan’s Energy Conundrum (Washington DC: Sasakawa Peace Foundation, 2018), 59-67.

Llewelyn Hughes and Rainer Quitzow, “Low-Carbon Technologies, National Innovation Systems, and Global Production Networks: The State of Play,” in Andreas Goldthau, Caroline Kuzemko and Michael Keating (eds.) Handbook on the IPE of Energy and Resources. Forthcoming.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2016. “Renegotiating Japan’s Energy Compact,” in Carol Hager and Cristoph Stefes (eds.) Germany’s Energy Transition: A Comparative Perspective (London: Palgrave): 165-184.

Llewelyn Hughes and Eugene Gholz. 2016. “Energy, Coercive Diplomacy and Sanctions,” in Thijs Van de Graaf (eds.) Handbook of the International Political Economy of Energy (London: Palgrave): 487-504.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2015. “Japan’s Public-Private Approach to Energy Security Cooperation in Northeast Asia,” in Bo Kong and Jae H. Ku (eds.), Energy Security Cooperation in Northeast Asia (London: Routledge – Explorations in Environmental Studies Series): 62-85.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2015. “Japan’s Energy Conundrum.” In Robert Pekkanen, Steven R. Reed, and Ethan Scheiner (eds.), Japan Decides 2014: The Japanese General Election (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan): 199-210.

Llewelyn Hughes. 2014. “Energy and Environmental Security, and the Role of Okinawa,” in Akikazu Hashimoto, Mike Mochizuki, and Kurayoshi Takara (eds.), The Okinawa Question: Futenma, the US-Japan Alliance, and Regional Security (Washington DC: Sigur Center for Asian Studies): 103-110.

Working Papers and In Progress

Conditional Acceptance: Eugene Gholz and Llewelyn Hughes, “The Story of Rare Earths: Even a Perfect Storm of Dependence is Hard to Exploit.”

Revise and Resubmit: Llewelyn Hughes, “Lead Markets, Vertical Specialization, and Standards Competition in Electric Vehicles.”

Revise and Resubmit: Llewelyn Hughes, David Konisky, and Sandra Potter, “Extreme Weather and Climate Change Opinion: Evidence from Australia.”

Revise and resubmit: Andreas Goldthau and Llewelyn Hughes, “In the Name of Profit: State Interests and the Global Oil Commodity Regime.”

Working Paper: Llewelyn Hughes and Pablo Pinto, “Industry Segmentation and the Market for Protection: Evidence from Congressional Policymaking in the Oil Sector.”

In progress: Llewelyn Hughes, “Radical Incrementalism in Japan’s Energy Policy,” The Oxford Handbook on Japanese Politics. (Oxford University Press). Invited.

Selected Policy and Media

National University Climate Change Institute, “Mitigating Climate Change for National Security: the Role of Climate Mitigation Policies in Reducing National Security Risks,” in Submission to the Senate Inquiry on the Implications of Climate Change for Australia’s National Security by the Australian National University Climate Change Institute (with Ken Baldwin and Christian Downie), 4 August, 2017.

Ian Cronshaw, Quentin Grafton, and Llewelyn Hughes, “Increasing the Use of Natural Gas in the Asia-Pacific Region,” Council of Foreign Relations (CFR) Policy Brief.

Will Extreme Weather Events get Americans to Act on Climate Change?,” (with David Konisky and Charles Kaylor) The Conversation. February 5, 2016.

Domestic Interests and “Strategic Benefits” in Australia-Japan Submarine Deal,” (with Crystal Pryor) CSIS Pacific Forum PacNet. No 11, January 27, 2016.

Reconceptualizing the Link between Energy and Security,” (with Austin Long). September 6, 2015. (Republished at posted at Brookings Institution Middle East Politics and Policy).

Free Trade for Green Trade: To Support Clean Power, Open Up Trade In Green Technology,” (with Jonas Meckling), August 4, 2015.

Why Japan Deserves Some Praise on Climate,” Center for International Studies (CSIS) Japan Chair Platform, June 2015  (Republished in the East Asia Forum).

Abe and Japan’s Energy Conundrum,” East Asia Forum, March 6, 2015.

Black Gold: What Does Oil Abundance Mean for the United States and its Foreign Policy?Advance December 2014, pp. 33-35.

Japan’s Radical Incrementalism in Energy,” Center for International Studies (CSIS) Japan Chair Platform, May 2013 (Republished in the East Asia Forum).

“Promoting Standards Harmonization in the Fight Against Climate Change,” Asia-Pacific Bulletin, East-West Center, April 2013.

“Exploring Regional Regimes for Climate Change,” Japan Economic Forum Spotlight, March/April 2012.

“Resource Nationalism in the Asia-Pacific: Why Does it Matter?” National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) Special Report #31, September 2011.

“Japan, Climate Change, and Tokyo’s Post-Copenhagen Challenge,” Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies, Brookings Institution, December 11, 2009.